absorb

ab|sorb [ əb`sɔrb, əb`zɔrb ] verb transitive **
▸ 1 take in gas/heat etc.
▸ 2 make something part of something else
▸ 3 learn new information
▸ 4 reduce harmful effects
▸ 5 hold attention
▸ 6 use a lot of something
1. ) to take in a gas, liquid, or other substance:
The timber expands as it absorbs moisture from the atmosphere.
absorb something into something: Caffeine is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream.
a ) often passive to take in heat, light, or some other form of energy, instead of reflecting it:
The planes are equipped with a device that absorbs enemy radar signals.
2. ) often passive to make a small group, organization, etc. become part of a larger one:
Most of the refugees were absorbed by the growing service sector.
absorb something into something: Rebel militias were simply absorbed into the national army.
a ) to allow ideas, methods, etc. to become part of your own way of thinking or culture:
Over the centuries, they gradually absorbed Islamic ideas about design and architecture.
3. ) to learn and understand new facts, so that they become part of your knowledge: ASSIMILATE:
We had to absorb a lot of new information very quickly.
4. ) to reduce the harmful effects of a physical force:
Jump with your knees bent, so they absorb less impact.
a ) to deal with the harmful effects of a change, so that problems are avoided:
Oil companies say they will absorb these price rises, and not pass them on to customers.
5. ) if something absorbs you, it is so interesting or entertaining that it takes all your attention:
a game that had absorbed the children all afternoon
6. ) to use or need a lot of something, especially money:
My work absorbs too much of my time and energy.

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • absorb — 1 Absorb, imbibe, assimilate can all mean to take (something) in so as to become imbued with it or to make it a part of one’s being. The original meaning of absorb, to swallow up (both literally and figuratively), has been retained in spite of… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • absorb — ab‧sorb [əbˈsɔːb, əbˈzɔːb ǁ ɔːrb] verb [transitive] COMMERCE 1. if a large organization absorbs a smaller one, it takes control of it and makes it part of the organization: • The company was absorbed by IBM in 1995. absorb into • Several smaller… …   Financial and business terms

  • Absorb — Ab*sorb , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Absorbed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Absorbing}.] [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin to Gr. ?: cf. F. absorber.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to use up;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • absorb — ab·sorb vt 1: to make (a right guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution) applicable to the states 2 a: to bear or assume the burden of expenses were absorb ed by the company b: to lessen the tax liability for has other losses to absorb the income D. Q …   Law dictionary

  • absorb — [v1] physically take in a liquid blot, consume, devour, drink in, imbibe, ingest, ingurgitate, osmose, soak up, sop up*, sponge up*, suck in*, swallow, take in; concept 256 Ant. disperse, dissipate, eject, emit, exude, spew, vomit absorb [v2]… …   New thesaurus

  • absorb — (v.) early 15c., from M.Fr. absorber (O.Fr. assorbir, 13c.), from L. absorbere to swallow up, from ab from (see AB (Cf. ab )) + sorbere suck in, from PIE root *srebh to suck, absorb (Cf. Armenian arbi I drank, Gk …   Etymology dictionary

  • absorb — ► VERB 1) soak up (liquid or another substance). 2) take in (information). 3) assimilate or take over (something less powerful). 4) use up (time or resources). 5) reduce the effect or intensity of (sound or an impact). 6) (usu. as absorbed or …   English terms dictionary

  • absorb — [ab sôrb′, abzôrb′; əbsôrb′] vt. [L absorbere < ab , from + sorbere, to suck in: see SLURP] 1. to suck up [blotting paper absorbs ink] 2. to take up the full attention or energy of; engross 3. to take in and incorporate; assimilate 4. to… …   English World dictionary

  • absorb */*/ — UK [əbˈzɔː(r)b] / US [əbˈsɔrb] / US [əbˈzɔrb] verb [transitive] Word forms absorb : present tense I/you/we/they absorb he/she/it absorbs present participle absorbing past tense absorbed past participle absorbed 1) a) to take in a gas, liquid, or… …   English dictionary

  • absorb — 01. Children are like little sponges that seem to be able to [absorb] languages very quickly. 02. The course I took was very intensive, and I had a lot of information to [absorb] in a short time. 03. These diapers are very [absorbent], so your… …   Grammatical examples in English

  • absorb — [[t]əbzɔ͟ː(r)b[/t]] absorbs, absorbing, absorbed 1) VERB If something absorbs a liquid, gas, or other substance, it soaks it up or takes it in. [V n] Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil... [be V ed into n] Refined …   English dictionary

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